Create Heart-warming Jobs Through Local Innovation
◇ (Goal) Upgrade the support system to expand jobs in the rural areas that practice social values
① Upgrade the back-to-farm support system to systematically prepare in advance and support stable settlement
② Spread social economy to provide social services, restore the community and create jobs based on local resources
◇ (Expected Effect) Absorb the employment demand in the 5060 generations, and invigorate rural areas
A. Related Status
At the start of the retirement of baby-boomers (born in 1955 - 1963, around 7.11 million people), interests in back-to-farm and back-to-earth are increasing * Back-to-farm & Back-to-earth Education Performance: (’15) 5,061 persons → (’17) 8,182 → (’19) 10,146 * Back-to-farm & Back-to-earth Consultation & Website Members: (’15) 10,076 persons → (’17) 21,657 → (’19) 36,384
It is known that 47.8% of baby-boomers have intentions to go back-to-farm or back-to-earth (2019 KREI national awareness survey), and such tendency is predicted to continue for a while.
With lower living costs (75 - 80% of urban households) and new employment opportunity, there is a boom for planning their new middle age in rural areas after retirement
Interests in back-to-farm as a side job are increasing with a preference over small orchards and vegetable gardens*, but there is insufficient information and preparation** * In 2019, out of new business owners (54,053) over the age of 50, 82.2% are 0.5ha or smaller and 65.1% grow fruits and vegetables ** Most back-to-farm farmers gain information from family and acquaintance (56.9%), and tend to go back-to-farm without preparatory education (42.8%) (2019, Back-to-farm Survey)
There are high interests in living conditions such as hospitals, but since more scarce population live in a broader area than cities, people in rural areas experience inconvenience in finding public services * Comparison of Public Services (City / Rural): (Number of visiting sanatoriums) 53.3 / 15.2, (number of daycare facilities) 2,062 / 972, (hours at ER) 18.3 minutes / 26.5 minutes
Rural areas that lack functions in the private and the public sectors are in need to establish the social service supply system through social economic activities.
B. Implementation Plan
Strengthen Back-to-farm Preparatory Education and Operate Integrated Information Provision Service
Focus on improving back-to-farm education in urban regions where educational demand is concentrated - Provide a way of utilizing city Nonghyup in special city, metropolitan cities and regions without technology centers (13 cities) as windows for supporting education and consultation (June) * Operate a special course with expertise in asset management, taxation and city Nonghyup - Municipal and county agricultural technology centers (154) provide item and technological education as well as understanding in rural communities such as disputes between locals and settlement failure cases
Introduce 'back-to-farm integrated information service' (2020, 4 cities and counties) that provides necessary information to back-to-farm candidates to search bacm-to-farm regions and supportive policies, jobs and residence - Organize database of back-to-farm candidates dispersed over the Korea Agency of Education, Promotion and Information Service in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (16,000 persons) and local governments (14,000 persons), and provide to local governments - Establish inter-ministerial governance to provide integrated supports for back-to-farm at related agencies in education, residence, living SOC and jobs, etc. (July) * Discuss how to discover related ministry services and connecting methods in residence and jobs that need additional connection in the future
Expand employment support based on qualifications and career experience before making back-to-farm movement to overall cities and counties and connect to employment centers, Saeil centers and after-school classes in each region
Discover exemplary cases of regional convergence at the local government and promoting the community and spread nationwide, and prioritize cities and counties with excellent utilization performance - To expand autonomy of local governments, integrate and expand the regional projects into '(temporary) back-to-farm support' project * (Previous) KRW 2.4 million in each city/county to support attraction of citizens, and build back-to-farm houses and provide education → (Improved) Integrate, KRW 5 million in each city/county
Invigorate Social Economy in Rural Areas
Focus on securing rural living SOC centers (104 in 2020) that integrate functions of health and medical centers (health centers), and education (libraries) in rural centers of eup and myeon - (Service Delivery) Supplement shaded areas of public sector through services provided by social economic organizations (cooperatives, joint companies) * Develop demonstrative supports and model for social economic organization that participates in delivering social and living services (10 in 2020) - (Investment Method) Introduce a demonstration method of 'rural agreement*' where the region sets up a living SOC investment plan for each rural living sphere and the government and the local government invest together (9 in 2020) * Implement mutual connection of governmental base development project and local governmental rear village development project
Expand social farms that provide care and education services, etc. to the minority through farming activities (2019: 18 farms → 2020: 30) and foster base farms (4 farms, new) - In response to aging farming society, develop an 'agricultural local community care* model' in connection with social farming (2020) * Connect agricultural development project (infrastructure), social service agency and social farm (service provider)
By utilizing farming and agricultural community and unique resource, revitalize the local economy - (Specialized Industry) Support local community to foster specialized industries such as processing and selling agricultural goods and create jobs (new revitalization plus, 30 in 2020) - (Agricultural Tourism) Revitalize local tourism by commercializing unique resources in farming and agriculture such as national important agricultural heritage, visiting brewery and national forests * Supports to Develop Local Specialized Tourism Contents: (`19) 16 places → (`20) 27 - (Agricultural Photovoltaic Power) Identify and spread local participatory agricultural photovoltaic power plant model in various forms by using reclaimed land, etc. * Cooperative type (1 place, direct power generation & sharing revenues), investment type (2 places, investment in existing photovoltaic power plants), etc.