From the 291 ㎢ land reclaimed by building 33.9 km breakwater connecting Gunsan, Gogunsan Islands and Buan (April 2010), MAFRA developed 121.8 ㎢ (42% of total land area) into agricultural land
85.7 ㎢ agricultural land, 4.0 ㎢ bio-crop demonstrative production complex, 4.6 ㎢ agricultural city, 8.8 ㎢ Jamboree contest site, 9.3 ㎢ ecological and environmental land, and 9.4 ㎢ other purpose land such as breakwaters and flood control bank
The internal development will be developed into complex sites including industrial and research sites, international cooperation sites, tourism and leisure sites, agricultural science sites, back-up city site, environmental and ecological site and others according to governmental policies, etc.
(Flood Control Bank) A bank is built on the outer rim of the development site to reduce project cost through low reclamation of farmland and to protect farmland. The agricultural science site is planned in 62.1 ㎞ (11 areas) around the embankment.
Install a two-lane road for the access to and from the flood control bank, and build small parks, etc. around the embankment considering water-friendly and ecological environment
(Agricultural Science Site, etc.) Complex, waterways and drainage, and roads are installed after construction and reclamation inside the flood control bank. Total 103.1 ㎢ (12 areas) are planned including 94.3 ㎢ agricultural science site and 8.8 ㎢ Jamboree contest site.
Eco-friendly high quality modern agricultural industrial basis (41.3 ㎢), export-friendly basis (30.5㎢), R&D and agricultural service support (6.4 ㎢), farming village ecological tourism basis (16.3 ㎢), bio-crop complex (4.0 ㎢) and agricultural city (4.6 ㎢), etc.
(Other Sites) In an area of 18.7 ㎢, ecological and environmental site (9.3 ㎢), breakwater and surrounding greenbelt, flood control bank and multipurpose site (9.4 ㎢) are built close to the agricultural science site for diverse convergence and complex purposes of agricultural ecology and farming village tourism resources
(Management of Breakwater, etc.) Facility maintenance and safety management such as breakwater and tidal gate, environmental management of Saemangeum Lake and exposed site, and prevention of disasters by researching and analyzing Saemangeum project
Started construction of the breakwater (November 1991) after the feasibility analysis (Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Technology) in 1986 - 1991, the establishment of basic plans, the evaluation on environmental impact, and the reclamation license for public water surface
Reclamation Purpose: Comprehensive development of reclaimed land for main purpose of agriculture * Project Entity: Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries (Construction consigned to: Director of Korea Rural Community Corporation, Compensation business consigned to: Governor of Jeollabuk-do)
Since the contamination of Sihwaho Lake from May 1999 to May 2006, through private-public joint investigation and legal disputes, the dam construction was suspended (2 years and 7 months) and restarted two times
During the suspended period of construction from May 1999 to May 2001, the private-public joint investigation and the governmental remedial plan (eco-friendly sequential development) were provided to resume the construction after the announcement of the governmental remedial plan (May 2001).
In June 2003, local residents and environmental groups filed a lawsuit, and the government suspended the construction due to 'provisional injunction on execution' in the first trial (Seoul Administrative Court) in July, and resumed the construction after winning the trial on appeal (January 2004) * Supreme Court Judgement (March 16, 2006): Approved the need to create farmland
Based on the study by the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, etc. in April 2007, the 'basic plan for internal land development in Saemangeum' was provided (72% farmland, 28% complex industrial land, etc.)
Enacted the 'Special Act on Promotion of Saemangeum Project' in December 2007 (Enforced in December 28, 2008)
In October 2008, the land use plan was transformed from farmland to complex industrial land (30% farmland, 70% complex industrial land)
In February 2008, the transition team announced the development plan of 'Northeast Asian Economic Center'
Construction of a breakwater in April 2010 * In the internal development project, flood control bank in October 2009
From July 2010, built a flood control bank and phased in construction for farming land
In May 2011, based on the confirmation of administrative district, constructed breakwaters No. 3 and 4 (Gunsan-si) and completed their land registration
In November 2012, enacted the 'Special Act on Promotion and Support for Saemangeum Project' through the legislation by Assembly members (Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Committee) (Enforced in September 12, 2013)
In September 2013, launched the Saemangeum Development and Investment Agency (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) according to the 'Special Act on Promotion and Support for Saemangeum Project'
In September 2014, changed and confirmed the basic plan (MP) for Saemangeum (Introduction of a concept of agricultural science site, etc.)
Reflected agro-medical production, seed science research complex, seed farm complex, and horse industry complex, etc.
In November 2015, determined the administrative districts for Saemangeum breakwaters No. 1 (Buan-gun) and No. 2 (Gimje-si)
In June 2016, constructed breakwaters No. 1 and 2 and completed land registration
Notification of an inspection on the comprehensive development project for the construction of reclaimed land in Saemangeum District (including No. 3 and 4 breakwaters)
In August 2016, designated Saemangeum Breakwater as nationally managed breakwater
In May 2017, designated 'Korea Rural Community Corporation' as the administrator for the infrastructure for the agricultural production at Saemangeum
In December 2017, changed the establishment method and basic plan for Saemangeum Development Corporation (deliberation of Saemangeum Committee)
Established Saemangeum Development Corporation for public-led reclamation (KRW 3 trillion capital, reclamation right investment in kind)
Changed the land use from tourism and leisure into agriculture and reclaimed it based on the fund
Progress of Establishing Farming Land etc.
(Building Flood Control Bank) Completed 54.2 ㎞ and currently building 7.9 ㎞ among total 62.1 ㎞ (Completed 79% by 2017)
(Building Agricultural Science Site, etc.) Completed 15.1 ㎢ and currently building 58.8 ㎢ among total 103.1㎢ (Completed 34% by 2017)
5 areas (15.1 ㎢) of agricultural science site in the leading districts started construction in July 2013 and completed in 2017
The agricultural specialized complex designated in September 2017 will promote the improvement of soil fertility for 2 years (2018 - 2019), the desalination of soil and the increased content of organic substances and begin agriculture in 2020 * 7 ㎢ agricultural specialized complex, 1.7 ㎢ agricultural college experiment, 3.0 ㎢ agricultural industrial cluster, 3.4 ㎢ bulky feed complex
58.8 ㎢ will be continuously promoted with the goal of completion in 2020, and 20.4 ㎢ will commence after the second half of 2018.
Considering the urgency of contest in the 8.8㎢ site for the World Jamboree Contest to be held in Saemangeum in August 2023, MAFRA commenced the basic plan in December 2017 and will complete its construction by September 2022
(Other Sites) Ecological and environmental sites close to the agricultural science site will be constructed simultaneously with the agricultural science site and will be completed by 2022.
Safety Management of Breakwaters, etc.
(Management of Breakwaters, etc.) Through appropriate maintenance of facilities such as breakwaters, flood control banks and tidal gates, disasters and accidents are prevented and safety is secured by increasing the effectiveness of facilities
Based on constant monitoring by using a regular precise safety inspection and a breakwater maintenance measurement system, facilities are repaired and reinforced to keep functions * Measuring System: Underground clinometer, layer settlement gauge, piezometer, underground water gauge, and seismometer, etc. (25 points, 237 centers) * Precision Safety Inspection: Submarine topographic survey (multi-beam water depth measuring), image exploration, submarine investigation, etc.
(Utilization & Management of Reclaimed Land, etc.) Control illegal acts (reclamation, occupation and usage, etc.) of exposed reclaimed land and public water surface, efficient use of exposed land (157 ㎢, 55%), and implement environmental measures such as reduction of scattering dust
Consistently manage exposed land by reducing scattering dust and improving soil of reclaimed land * Precision Safety Inspection: Submarine topographic survey (multi-beam water depth measuring), image exploration, submarine investigation, etc.
Surveillance of illegal reclamation, occupation and use of public water surface in Saemangeum, and disposal of wastes, etc. * Waste disposal amount in recent 3 years, 1,683 tons (233 tons in 2015, 722 tons in 2016 and 678 tons in 2017)